The HMPT will review the goals, objectives, and actions identified in the 2013 HMP in order to determine how relevant they are for the current risk assessment. The HMPT will also review progress made in implementing the mitigation strategy over the past few years and will note progress made toward goal achievement, reaffirm goals to be included in the update, change goals based on current conditions, or discard certain goals. Remaining goals and objectives will be coupled with new ones created later in the process to develop a new mitigation strategy.
The mitigation strategy in the 2018 HMP Update will analyze a comprehensive range of specific mitigation actions or techniques and projects being considered, with a particular emphasis on new and existing buildings. In this step, the categories of mitigation techniques will be evaluated against each hazard to see if they apply. FEMA, through the March 2013 Local Mitigation Handbook, and PEMA, through the October 2013 Standard Operating Guide (SOG), identify four categories of hazard mitigation techniques.
- Local plans and regulations: Government authorities, policies, or codes that influence the way land and buildings are developed and built. Examples include, but are not limited to: comprehensive plans, subdivision regulations, building codes and enforcement, and NFIP and CRS.
- Structure and infrastructure: Modifying existing structures and infrastructure or constructing new structures to reduce hazard vulnerability. Examples include, but are not limited to: acquisition and elevation of structures in flood prone areas, utility undergrounding, structural retrofits, floodwalls and retaining walls, detention and retention structures, and culverts.
- Natural systems protection: Actions that minimize damage and losses and also preserve or restore the functions of natural systems. Examples include, but are not limited to: sediment and erosion control, stream corridor restoration, forest management, conservation easements, and wetland restoration and preservation.
- Education and awareness: Actions to inform and educate citizens, elected officials, and property owners about hazards and potential ways to mitigate the hazards, and may also include participation in national programs. Examples include, but are not limited to: radio or television spots, websites with maps and information, provide information and training, NFIP outreach, StormReady, and Firewise Communities.
When mitigation goals and objectives are updated and mitigation technique categories have been identified, the HMPT will begin developing the new mitigation action plan. A mitigation action is more specific than an objective and are the foundation of a hazard mitigation plan. Taking action to mitigate hazards should lessen the state's vulnerability when disaster occurs.
The 2018 Mitigation Strategy Chapter can be viewed below or by clicking here.
Mitigation Strategy Resources